Question: What Are The Two Basic Forms Of Ethical Reasoning?

What are the types of ethical reasoning?

Four broad categories of ethical theory include deontology, utilitarianism, rights, and virtues.

The deontological class of ethical theories states that people should adhere to their obliga- tions and duties when engaged in decision making when ethics are in play..

What are the 8 key questions?

Eight Key QuestionsFairness – How can I (we) act justly, equitably, and balance legitimate interests?Outcomes – What possible actions achieve the best short- and long-term outcomes for me and all others?Responsibilities – What duties and/or obligations apply?Character – What actions help me (us) become my (our) ideal self (selves)?More items…

What is consequence based reasoning?

Consequence-based reasoning recognizes that lying usually produces bad consequences. Rule-based ethics says that lying is always wrong. Lesson 2-2 – Reasoning About Right and Wrong. Ethical Reasoning Based on Consequences…

What is an example of moral reasoning?

Moral dilemmas are challenging because there are often good reasons for and against both choices. For instance, one could argue that it is okay to kill one person if it would save five, because more people would be saved, but killing itself is immoral.

How do you use ethical reasoning?

If a company lacks an ethical backbone, it risks alienating employees, angering clients and engaging in behavior that could result in financial or legal penalties. Use ethical reasoning in business situations to maintain a professional reputation internally with employees and externally with the business world.

What are the six ethical theories?

Here, we take a brief look at (1) utilitarianism, (2) deontology, (3) social justice and social contract theory, and (4) virtue theory. We are leaving out some important perspectives, such as general theories of justice and “rights” and feminist thought about ethics and patriarchy.

What are the three steps in the moral reasoning process?

According to his theory, people pass through three main stages of moral development as they grow from early childhood to adulthood. These are pre-conventional morality, conventional morality, and post-conventional morality.

What are ethical methods?

Sidgwick claims that there are three general methods of making value choices that are commonly used in ordinary morality: intuitionism, egoism, and utilitarianism. Intuitionism is the view that we can see straight off that some acts are right or wrong, and can grasp self-evident and unconditionally binding moral rules.

What are the 3 types of ethics?

The three schools are virtue ethics, consequentialist ethics, and deontological or duty-based ethics.

What are the 7 principles of ethics?

There are seven principles that form the content grounds of our teaching framework:Non-maleficence. … Beneficence. … Health maximisation. … Efficiency. … Respect for autonomy. … Justice. … Proportionality.

Why do the two forms of ethical reasoning?

Both forms of ethical reasoning assumes that human beings have dignity and worth, and therefore consequences-based reasoning usually procedures bad consequences for actions that violate rule-based reasoning. … paragraph describing a scenario in which breaking the rules has an ethical outcome.

What are the two types of moral reasoning?

The first we may call consequentialist (or utilitarian or teleological) reasoning, in which ends are identified as good and means are selected that will lead to those ends; the second is generally called nonconsequentialist (or deontological) reasoning, in which rules are accepted as good and acts are judged right or …

What are the four methods of ethical reasoning?

Applying the four methods of ethical reasoning (utilitarianism, rights, justice, and virtue), do you believe Massey Energy behaved in an ethical manner? Why or why not?

What are the 7 steps of moral reasoning model?

1 – GATHER THE FACTS. □ Don’t jump to conclusions without the facts. … 2 – DEFINE THE ETHICAL ISSUE(S) … 3 – IDENTIFY THE AFFECTED PARTIES. … 4 – IDENTIFY THE CONSEQUENCES. … 5 – IDENTIFY THE RELEVANT PRINCIPLES,6 – CONSIDER YOUR CHARACTER &7 – THINK CREATIVELY ABOUT POTENTIAL.8 – CHECK YOUR GUT.More items…

What are the 5 ethical approaches?

Philosophers have developed five different approaches to values to deal with moral issues.The Utilitarian Approach. … The Rights Approach. … The Fairness or Justice Approach. … The Common-Good Approach. … The Virtue Approach. … Ethical Problem Solving.