Question: What Can Destroy Crops?

How do farmers protect their crops from animals?

There are various ways to protect crops from wild animals, including: Smoke; in some areas farmers burn elephant dung or other materials that smolder and create heavy smoke.

Fish or garlic natural emulsion; repels rabbits and deer.

Castor oil; natural repellent that keeps away burrowing animals such as moles..

Do moths destroy crops?

Moths are capable of infesting a home long before their populations are noticed. … Fruit farms suffer from codling moth infestations, while cabbages and mustard crops are often destroyed by the diamondback moth. Some moth larvae are known to consume cotton, tomatoes and corn.

What bugs destroy crops?

Names of Crop-Eating InsectsBeetles. The order Coleoptera houses several families of crop-destroying pests. … Butterflies and Moths. Butterflies and moths are known more for their pollinating behaviors than destructiveness; their larvae, on the other hand, can cause severe damage to crops depending on the species. … True Bugs. … Maggots. … Grasshoppers.

What are the examples of crop pests?

Examples are termites, grasshoppers, leaf worms, army worms, mantids, locusts and beetles. Piercing and Chewing Insects – These insects posses strong mouth parts called proboscis which enable them t pierce through plants and such liquid materials from plant tissues.

How do farmers protect their crops from birds?

In the old time (or even now), farmers also use scarecrow in the field to scare away the birds. Scarecrows are usually build in human shape and stand in the crop field as Bird scarer (see attachments). It seems to work so you can still spot them on the farms sometimes today.

How are crops protected?

The best ways to protect crop damage are by incorporating integrated pest and insect management. Spraying insecticides, pesticides help to minimize the crop damage by controlling the insects and other pests.

What is crop damage?

Crop damage from pathogens and pests is a worldwide problem. Agriculture crop productivity has been severely affected by various pests. The excessive use of chemicals in agriculture has led to a multitude of effects, including increased residues in plants, insect resistance, and contamination of soil, water, and air.

How is cotton farming harmful to the soil?

Growing cotton robs the soil of large amounts of nitrogen and potassium. Even using crop rotation practices, heavy applications of fertilizers are required to maintain healthy plant growth. To grow one pound of raw cotton in the United States, more than one-quarter pound of synthetic fertilizer is needed.

Which animals destroy crops?

Several efforts by Karnataka farmers to keep monkeys, wild pigs, deer and other animals from entering the fields and destroying the crops failed, but a unique solution by Chidananda Gowda, proved to be effective. Chidananda owns a small tract of land in the Soraba taluka of Shivamogga in Karnataka.

How can we protect crops in heavy rain?

Slow it down, protect the ground Anything that protects the soil from the speed of the raindrop will decrease the damage it causes. Organic mulch, cover crops, the canopy of the new crop and permanent vegetation are all means of slowing down the rain drop.

What are the 3 methods of pest control?

Control methodsBiological pest control.Cultural control.Trap cropping.Pesticides.Hunting.Physical pest control.Poisoned bait.Fumigation.More items…

How can we protect crops from being destroyed?

Certain cultural practices can prevent or reduce insect crop damage. These include destruction of crop residues, deep plowing, crop rotation, use of fertilizers, strip-cropping, irrigation, and scheduled planting operations. Such practices are useful but cannot be relied upon entirely to eliminate severe infestations.

What insect destroys cotton crops?

boll weevilInsect populations thrive on cotton crops. Two of the major cotton pests are the boll weevil and the pink bollworm. The weevil is a pest which primarily attacks flowers and bolls. A boll weevil can destroy the cotton lint with its feces and consume the cotton seeds.

What was the first animal to tame?

GoatsGoats were probably the first animals to be domesticated, followed closely by sheep. In Southeast Asia, chickens also were domesticated about 10,000 years ago. Later, people began domesticating larger animals, such as oxen or horses, for plowing and transportation.

How can we protect crops from flooding?

Several mechanisms can help in this matter: Dikes and soil bunds can help protect fields from unexpected floods and they can also allow farmers to drain or retain water as needed; drainage ditches can be used to channel away excess floodwaters; and reuse agreements can enable farmers to take turns using water from the …

What are major pests?

7.1 Major pests. … Lepidopterous fruit borers are generally the most important pests affecting production. Other important species include various leaf- and flower-eating caterpillars and beetles, bark borers, scales, leaf mites, fruit-sucking bugs, fruit-piercing moths and fruit flies.

What is a major predator of cotton crops?

Thrips are the major mite predator in cotton. Others include damsel bug, bigeyed bug, ladybird beetles, brown smudge bug, apple dimpling bug, brown lacewing adults, and tangle web spiders.